6TH GRADE SCIENCE NGSS
MR. BRIAN BENTLEY'S CLASS
Below you will find the units we are going to study in this class this year in order.
1. Intro to Science
2. Structure & Properties of Matter
3. History of Earth & Earth's Systems (Rock Cycle & Water Cycle)
4. Weather & Climate
6. Earth in Space
7. Motions and Forces Newton's Laws
Intro To Science
Describe the processes used by scientists to conduct investigations.
Explain the importance of following the steps of scientific inquiry.
Engineering Introductory Material
Describe the engineering process.
Explain how the engineering process is used to solve a problem.
Describe the role of the engineering process in technology.
Laying The Foundation Materials
"Exploring Experimental Design"
"Come Fly With Us"
Scientific Method Practice 1
Scientific Method Practice 2
"Numbers in Science"
Students will learn what science is and how scientist study their environment. Students will be introduced to the scientific method.
Virtual Triple Beam Balance Airliner
Graduated Cylinder Lesson Airliner
Structure & Properties of Matter
Blue Book K "The Nature Of Matter" Chapter 2 States of Matter (sections 1 & 2), Chapter 3: Properties and Changes of Matter & Blue Book L "Chemistry" Chapter 3 (section 1): Substances Mixtures & Solubility
Students will; 1) Develop models to describe the atomic composition of simple molecules and extended structures.
2) Gather and make sense of information to describe that synthetic materials come from natural resources and impact society.
3) Develop a model that predicts and describes changes in particle motion, temperature, and state of a pure substance when thermal energy is added or removed.
Describe the structure of atoms, and how atoms combine to form molecules.
Describe different physical and chemical properties of substances.
Describe the different states of matter.
Identify how changes to temperature or pressure can cause matter to change state.
"Green Beans the Wonderful Fruit"
"A Cool Chemical Reaction"
"What's That Liquid"
LAB 1: Density Labs
LAB 2: Solubility of Salt in Water at Different Temperatures
LAB 3: States of Matter Virtual Lab
LAB 6: Why Things Float Virtual Lab
Melting Points & Boiling Points SAS Activity
Solids Liquids Airliner
Changes of State Airliner
Irreversible Changes Airliner
Bottling Honey NAEP Activity
History of Earth & Earth's Systems
(Rock Cycle, Water Cycle, Plate Tectonics, Geo-chemical Cycles, Fossils)
Red Book H "The Water Planet Chapter 1 The Nature of Water
Red Book F "Earth’s Materials and Processes" Chapter 2 Rocks, Chapter 4 Plate Tectonics (section 2 & 3)
Red Book G "The Changing Surface of Earth" Chapter 2 Weathering and Soil (section 1 only), Chapter 4 Water Erosion and Deposition (Section 1 & 2)
Students will; 1) Construct an explanation based on evidence for how geoscience processes have changed Earth’s surface at varying time and spatial scales.
2) Analyze and interpret data on the distribution of fossils and rocks, continental shapes, and seafloor structures to provide evidence of the past plate motions.
3) Develop a model to describe the cycling of Earth’s materials and the flow of energy that drives this process.
4) Develop a model to describe the cycling of water through Earth’s systems driven by energy from the sun and the force of gravity.
Describe how Earth's geological changes occur on different scales of time and size.
Describe how the formation and change of rocks records the story of Earth's history.
Identify how the layers of rock and fossils can be used to determine relative dates of events in Earth's history.
Identify and interpret types of evidence that show how Earth's plates have moved over time.
Describe how movement within the interior of the Earth causes change on the surface of the Earth.
Describe how water continually cycles on Earth's surface.
Describe how sunlight and gravity drive the water cycle.
"Tooth Pick Birds"
"Bean Bunny Evolution"
LAB: Students will study samples of the three different types of rocks.
Rock Lab Airliner
Weather & Climate
Red Book I "The Air Around You"
Chapter 1 Atmosphere, Chapter 2 Weather, Chapter 3 Climate
1) Students will collect data to provide evidence for how the motions and complex interactions of air masses results in changes in weather conditions.
2) Students will develop and use a model to describe how unequal heating and rotation of the Earth cause patterns of atmospheric and oceanic circulation that determine regional climates.
Identify factors that influence weather patterns, and describe why we use probability to predict the weather.
Describe factors that influence climate patterns, and describe the stability of climate patterns over time.
Identify how the ocean influences weather and climate.
Describe similarities and differences between weather and climate.
LAB 1: Thermal Energy Demonstration
LAB 2: Thermal Energy Lab
Green Book E "Ecology" Chapter 1 Interactions of Life, Chapter 2 The Nonliving Environment, Chapter 4 Conserving Resources, Chapter 5 Conserving Life (Section 1 only)
Students will; 1) Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence for the effects of resource availability on organisms and populations of organisms in an ecosystem.
2) Develop a model to describe the cycling of matter and flow of energy among living and nonliving parts of an ecosystem.
3) Construct an explanation that predicts patterns of interactions among organisms across multiple ecosystems.
Describe how the availability of resources can limit the growth of organisms and limit population size.
Interpret food webs to identify how matter and energy move between organisms in an ecosystem.
Describe how the atoms that make up organisms in an ecosystem are constantly cycled between the living and non-living parts of an ecosystem.
Describe the kinds of relationships that exist between organisms in ecosystems.
"Baby Dice Island"
LABS & Web Links
Herman the WormWriting: Students may write a paper or create a PowerPoint Presentation summarizing the major concepts learned involving one specific biome.
Red Book J "Astronomy" Chapter 2 The Sun-Earth-Moon System, Chapter 3 The Solar System
Students will; 1) Develop and use a model of the Earth-sun-moon system to describe the cyclic patterns of lunar phases, eclipses of the sun and moon, and seasons.
2) Develop and use a model to describe the role of gravity in the motions within galaxies and the solar system.
3) Analyze and interpret data to determine scale properties of objects in the solar system.
Describe the patterns of the Moon's apparent motion.
Explain how the model of the solar system can explain eclipses.
Explain how Earth's tilt relative to the Sun leads to seasons.
Describe the components of the solar system and how they are held in orbit around the Sun.
Describe the different objects found in the solar system (planets, asteroids, comets, and meteors).
LTF LESSON - "Moon Watch"
Seasons Virtual Lab (SAS)
Eclipses Virtual Lab (SAS) user name
Characteristics of Our Solar System SAS Activity
Earth, Sun, Moon Airliner
Lunar Phases Airliner
The Nine Planets Just for Kids
Writing: Students will write a paper summarizing the major concepts learned about one celestial body.
Blue Book M "Motion Forces and Energy" Chapter 1 Motion and Momentum, Chapter 2 Force and Newton’s Laws
Students will 1) Apply Newton’s Third Law to design a solution to a problem involving the motion of two colliding objects.
2) Plan an investigation to provide evidence that the change in an object’s motion depends on the sum of the forces on the object and the mass of the object.
Characterize a force as having both magnitude and direction, and give examples of specific types of forces that may act on objects.
Determine when forces are balanced or unbalanced on an object, and explain how this will affect the motion of the object.
Characterize velocity as having both speed and direction, and describe the position and motion of an object using a frame of reference.
Describe the relationship between the mass of an object, the force applied to the object, and the object's acceleration.
Students will complete
P vs T Graphs
V vs T Graphs
LAB 1: Speed lab
LAB 2: Freefall acceleration lab
LAB 3: Newton's Laws of Motion Math Lab
LAB 4: Static & Sliding Friction Lab.
LAB 4: Motion Virtual Lab